The septic drain field and tank are the major parts of the septic system. This is where the actual separation, treatment, and disposal of wastes take place, and you should be aware of the common problems they face. Here is a brief overview of such problems:

Tree Root Intrusion

Tree roots are some of the worst things that can get into your septic tank. Tree roots are usually attracted to the water in the septic tank and may intrude into the tank via the drain pipes or even tiny cracks on the tank. Unfortunately, the intruding tree roots may widen the cracks or block the pipes, affecting your septic tank's performance. This is why you should only allow grass in the septic drain field; plants with deeper roots will create the problems mentioned above.

Heavy Traffic

Operating heavy machinery or dragging heavy objects over the septic drain field can also damage not only the drain field but also the tank. For example, it may cause cracks in the septic tank, damage the tank lid or even disconnect the pipes. Apart from that, it may compact the soil in the drain field and reduce its ability to absorb the liquid wastes.

FOG Disposal

FOG (fats, oils, and grease) should not find their way into your septic tank. First, the FOG increases the demand for oxygen in the tank because they are not easy to biodegrade. Secondly, some of the FOG solidifies and settles at the bottom of the tank, increasing the volume of solid wastes in the tank and necessitating more frequent septic tank pumping. Lastly, FOG can also trap other debris and clog the septic tank outlet and inlet pipes.

Irregular Pumping

As you know, the septic tank works by separating sold and liquid wastes with the solid wastes settling at the bottom of the tank. Over time, the level of the solid wastes in the tank rises and reduces the available space for incoming wastes. This reduces the efficiency of the tank, and the only way to rectify the situation is to pump the tank and get rid of the sludge. This means your tank will be malfunctioning if you don't pump it as required.

Hopefully, you don't have a problem with your septic system anytime soon. If the system does develop an issue, consult a plumber as soon as possible to diagnose and fix the issue before it creates further problems for you. Contact a company like Five  Star Plumbing for more information and assistance.